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Labor Force Estimates (Seasonally Adjusted)May
2022
Rank2021
Ann. Avg.
Rank2016
Ann. Avg.
Rank
Total Labor Force3,364,365173,321,548173,331,82115
Employed3,290,454173,203,166163,186,42015
Unemployed73,91127118,38221145,40116
Unemployment Rate2.2473.6414.432

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Characteristics in 2021
Based on Noninstitutional Population, Age 16 and Over
Total
(000)
RankPercent
Distribution
Rank% of Pop.
in Category
Rank
Total Labor Force3,30617100.0% 62.4%26
Men
Women
1,790
1,516
16
17
54.1%
45.9%
10
42
69.7%
55.6%
16
31
Employment3,18216100.0% 60.1%21
Men
Women
1,719
1,463
16
17
54.0%
46.0%
9
42
66.9%
53.6%
14
28
Unemployment12420100.0% 2.3%42
Men
Women
71
53
19
24
57.3%
42.7%
14
39
2.8%
1.9%
33
44
Unemployment Rate3.833
Men
Women
0.4
3.5
49
40

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages in 2021
(SOC classification system)
NumberRankPercent
Distribution
RankMedian
Annual Wage
Rank
All Occupations2,983,41016100.0% 38,33034
Management Occupations151,080205.1%4194,45035
Business and Financial Operations Occupations136,830224.6%4162,23038
Computer and Mathematical Occupations62,830212.1%3576,91038
Architecture and Engineering Occupations48,360191.6%2976,98042
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations20,350210.7%3461,19038
Community and Social Services Occupations44,820191.5%2845,89037
Legal Occupations16,970220.6%3563,02040
Education, Training, and Library Occupations151,550175.1%4147,77040
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations30,710201.0%3439,34037
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations191,460156.4%2761,53038
Healthcare Support Occupations111,080193.7%3529,62028
Protective Service Occupations57,840181.9%3745,30031
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations252,520138.5%1723,61036
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations81,330162.7%4329,27034
Personal Care and Service Occupations47,820201.6%3625,03036
Sales and Related Occupations269,950169.0%3229,57031
Office and Administrative Support Occupations354,0901811.9%4437,37029
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations3,760270.1%3631,76028
Construction and Extraction Occupations125,390164.2%2848,65020
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations135,150124.5%1247,55028
Production Occupations355,540611.9%137,97021
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations333,9901311.2%336,98025

May '2021' Estimates
N/A = Not available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

UnionsNumberRank% of
All Workers
Rank
Members of Unions
2021256,000159.0%25
2020235,000178.3%29
2019249,000168.3%30
2018269,000158.8%29
2017266,000158.9%27
2016304,0001410.4%24
2015283,0001410.0%25
2014299,0001510.7%24
2013249,000159.3%28
2012246,000159.1%28
2011302,0001511.3%22
2010279,0001510.9%25
% Chg. 2010 to 2021-8.2%31
Represented by Unions
2021290,0001510.2%24
2020270,000179.5%28
2019296,000159.8%27
2018283,000159.3%30
2017289,000159.7%29
2016335,0001411.4%24
2015319,0001411.3%26
2014335,0001412.0%25
2013275,0001510.3%30
2012269,0001510.0%30
2011333,0001512.4%26
2010313,0001512.2%25
% Chg. 2010 to 2021-7.3%31

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

CES Not Seasonally Adjusted Employment in May 2022
NAICS based data by place of work
EmploymentPercent
Distribution
Rank% Change
May 2021
Rank
00Total Nonfarm3,191,100100.0% 3.5%20
05Total Private2,766,20086.7%73.8%22
06Goods Producing712,20022.3%15.3%10
07Service-Providing2,478,90077.7%512.9%28
08Private Service Providing2,054,00064.4%443.3%25
10Natural Resources and Mining5,2000.2%256.1%17
15Natural Resources, Mining, & Construction168,1005.3%247.5%6
20Construction162,9005.1%237.6%5
30Manufacturing544,10017.1%14.7%14
40Trade, Transportation, and Utilities623,60019.5%173.5%18
50Information26,7000.8%493.5%33
55Financial Activities148,8004.7%403.3%12
60Professional and Business Services362,20011.4%395.6%12
65Educational and Health Services463,30014.5%34-0.7%45
70Leisure and Hospitality301,9009.5%345.9%44
80Other Services127,5004.0%145.5%14
90Government424,90013.3%441.3%23

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Survey (CES)

Annual Covered Employment and Wages over Time (NAICS)EstablishmentsJobsAverage Wage
per Job (*adj)
Rank% of U.S.
Avg Wage
2021179,1163,010,869$54,9603481.3%
2020172,6472,918,792$54,3983781.2%
2019168,9163,077,767$51,7163782.4%
2018167,6273,051,879$51,3543683.1%
2017164,7273,018,177$51,0633583.4%
2016162,2162,987,091$50,3423883.2%
2015159,3032,941,991$50,1923982.9%
2014158,3332,890,758$48,7073982.8%
2013159,3202,849,311$48,4583883.6%
2012160,0582,812,347$48,6723783.7%
2011159,6912,755,826$48,4843783.8%
10-Year Change19,425255,043-$6,476
10-Year Percent Change12.2%9.3%13.4%

*Adj = Adjusted for Inflation; D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Annual Industry Distribution of Jobs and Avg. Wage in 2021EstablishmentsJobsPercent
Distribution
Annual Average Wage
per Job
Rank
Total Covered Employment and Wages179,1163,010,869100.0%$54,96034
Private173,4712,631,40487.4%$55,41334
Agri., forestry, hunting2,03515,7430.5%$44,05917
Mining3054,7250.2%$76,70628
Construction15,986149,5465.0%$65,27930
Manufacturing9,319524,65417.4%$68,88124
Wholesale trade13,733121,9854.1%$77,37335
Retail trade20,844314,00310.4%$34,12237
Transportation, warehousing7,340171,2695.7%$52,93333
Utilities57915,5590.5%$99,93531
Information3,07331,8871.1%$64,26746
Finance and Insurance11,117100,6373.3%$84,15340
Real Estate, rental, leasing7,26335,4291.2%$55,25030
Professional, technical services22,039131,7124.4%$79,71038
Mgmt. of companies, enterprises1,25034,0431.1%$114,28532
Administrative, waste services10,927182,7286.1%$40,92745
Educational services3,522237,6227.9%$48,06942
Health care, social assistance15,469438,53614.6%$57,48528
Arts, entertainment, recreation2,37437,3191.2%$37,90824
Accommodation and food services13,806248,0408.2%$20,14045
Other services, exc. public admin.13,36184,4442.8%$38,63846
Public administration2,835128,8484.3%$54,37643

D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Note: Industries are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BEA Major Sectors
in 2021 (by place of work)
2021 Earnings ($000)Avg Earnings
per Job
Rank2021 JobsPercent
Distribution
in State
Percent
Distribution
in U.S.
Total by place of work$258,462,793$68,221253,788,622100.0%100.0%
Wage and Salary$177,820,072$57,557333,089,43581.5%77.2%
Proprietors$39,312,336$56,2266699,18718.5%22.8%
    Farm$5,515,364$113,581848,5591.3%0.9%
    Nonfarm$33,796,972$51,9457650,62817.2%21.9%
Farm$5,952,326$98,820660,2341.6%1.4%
Nonfarm$252,510,467$67,726263,728,38898.4%98.6%
Private$223,647,953$68,047213,286,67386.8%86.0%
Forestry, fishing, etc.DDN/ADD0.5%
21 MiningDDN/ADD0.5%
22 Utilities$2,216,768$154,6733314,3320.4%0.3%
23 Construction$17,252,075$81,60725211,4045.6%5.7%
31-33 Manufacturing$48,901,865$94,33516518,38513.7%6.7%
42 Wholesale Trade$12,197,253$95,63531127,5393.4%3.2%
44-45 Retail Trade$14,774,748$39,98539369,5059.8%9.4%
48-49 Trans. and warehousing$12,113,885$60,57929199,9705.3%4.8%
51 Information$2,725,769$80,7133933,7710.9%1.7%
52 Finance and insurance$11,392,128$73,24435155,5374.1%5.5%
53 Real Estate and rental and leasing$14,744,828$105,0311140,3863.7%4.7%
54 Professional, technical services$16,122,962$85,60828188,3345.0%7.5%
55 Management of companies, enterprises$4,559,579$119,4703138,1651.0%1.4%
56 Administrative and waste services$10,829,312$49,12628220,4395.8%6.2%
61 Educational services$3,437,914$41,3812883,0802.2%2.4%
62 Health care, social assistance$32,906,764$73,65815446,75211.8%11.8%
71 Arts, entertainment, and recreation$2,006,787$32,9682360,8711.6%1.9%
72 Accommodation and food services$6,979,365$28,47844245,0796.5%6.4%
81 Other services, exc. public admin.$9,457,961$44,07529214,5895.7%5.5%
NA Gov. and gov. enterprises$28,862,514$65,34247441,71511.7%12.6%

D = Not shown to avoid disclosure of confidential information, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals.
N/A = Not available or not applicable
Note: Major sectors are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)