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Labor Force Estimates (Seasonally Adjusted)September
2019
Rank2018
Ann. Avg.
Rank2013
Ann. Avg.
Rank
Total Labor Force3,383,641163,381,713163,188,40615
Employed3,274,211163,265,580162,944,27515
Unemployed109,43018116,13317244,13112
Unemployment Rate3.2293.4327.715

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Characteristics in 2018
Based on Noninstitutional Population, Age 16 and Over
Total
(000)
RankPercent
Distribution
Rank% of Pop.
in Category
Rank
Total Labor Force3,41215100.0 % 65.4 %17
Men
Women
1,837
1,575
15
16
53.8 %
46.2 %
11
40
72.5 %
58.7 %
13
23
Employment3,29315100.0 % 63.1 %16
Men
Women
1,775
1,518
15
15
53.9 %
46.1 %
10
42
70.0 %
56.6 %
12
23
Unemployment11917100.0 % 2.3 %26
Men
Women
62
57
18
17
52.1 %
47.9 %
32
19
2.4 %
2.1 %
33
27
Unemployment Rate3.531
Men
Women
3.4
3.6
34
30

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages in 2018
(SOC classification system)
NumberRankPercent
Distribution
RankMedian
Annual Wage
Rank
All Occupations3,048,10015100.0% 35,73036
Management Occupations143,700194.7 %2884,29040
Business and Financial Operations Occupations117,830223.9 %4259,54040
Computer and Mathematical Occupations59,060211.9 %3570,99037
Architecture and Engineering Occupations50,580201.7 %2769,72044
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations19,600220.6 %3854,83043
Community and Social Services Occupations39,190201.3 %3939,54040
Legal Occupations15,440210.5 %4064,50034
Education, Training, and Library Occupations164,670185.4 %4242,06044
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations30,630241.0 %3838,67036
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations195,120156.4 %2059,31038
Healthcare Support Occupations81,820172.7 %3128,54034
Protective Service Occupations59,710192.0 %3537,55035
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations280,950159.2 %2519,87038
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations85,850172.8 %4325,29032
Personal Care and Service Occupations81,330222.7 %4522,29037
Sales and Related Occupations286,330189.4 %4125,86038
Office and Administrative Support Occupations420,7801813.8 %4433,57035
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations3,710290.1 %3628,43038
Construction and Extraction Occupations121,940174.0 %2746,63024
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations131,960134.3 %1642,99039
Production Occupations388,180612.7 %135,41030
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations269,730138.8 %531,98033

May '2018' Estimates
N/A = Not available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

UnionsNumberRank% of
All Workers
Rank
Members of Unions
2018269,000158.8%29
2017266,000158.9%27
2016304,0001410.4%24
2015283,0001410.0%25
2014299,0001510.7%24
2013249,000159.3%28
2012246,000159.1%28
2011302,0001511.3%22
2010279,0001510.9%25
2009277,0001510.6%27
2008349,0001412.4%21
% Chg. 2018 to 2008-22.9 %47
Represented by Unions
2018283,000159.3%30
2017289,000159.7%29
2016335,0001411.4%24
2015319,0001411.3%26
2014335,0001412.0%25
2013275,0001510.3%30
2012269,0001510.0%30
2011333,0001512.4%26
2010313,0001512.2%25
2009319,0001512.2%27
2008386,0001413.7%24
% Chg. 2018 to 2008-26.7 %45

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

CES Not Seasonally Adjusted Employment in September 2019
NAICS based data by place of work
EmploymentPercent
Distribution
Rank% Change
September 2018
Rank
00Total Nonfarm3,191,600100.0 % 0.7 %37
05Total Private2,748,90086.1 %90.7 %39
06Goods Producing698,80021.9 %10.5 %35
07Service-Providing2,492,80078.1 %510.8 %35
08Private Service Providing2,050,10064.2 %430.8 %37
10Natural Resources and Mining6,4000.2 %240.0 %19
15Natural Resources, Mining, & Construction160,7005.0 %275.2 %10
20Construction154,3004.8 %255.5 %9
30Manufacturing538,10016.9 %1-0.8 %41
40Trade, Transportation, and Utilities594,20018.6 %21-0.6 %42
50Information27,4000.9 %48-4.9 %45
55Financial Activities140,2004.4 %430.7 %28
60Professional and Business Services353,70011.1 %382.5 %13
65Educational and Health Services494,40015.5 %243.5 %11
70Leisure and Hospitality310,2009.7 %44-1.2 %49
80Other Services130,0004.1 %13-1.3 %45
90Government442,70013.9 %420.6 %25

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Survey (CES)

Annual Covered Employment and Wages over Time (NAICS)EstablishmentsJobsAverage Wage
per Job (*adj)
Rank% of U.S.
Avg Wage
2018167,6273,051,879$47,5903683.1 %
2017164,7273,018,177$47,3203583.4 %
2016162,2162,987,091$46,6523883.2 %
2015159,3032,941,991$46,5133982.9 %
2014158,3332,890,758$45,1363982.8 %
2013159,3202,849,311$44,9063883.6 %
2012160,0582,812,347$45,1043783.7 %
2011159,6912,755,826$44,9303783.8 %
2010158,2152,709,831$45,2063784.0 %
2009159,9732,705,331$44,7943784.0 %
2008160,9402,872,442$44,7893484.3 %
10-Year Change6,687179,437-$2,801
10-Year Percent Change4.2 %6.2 %6.3 %

*Adj = Adjusted for Inflation; D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Annual Industry Distribution of Jobs and Avg. Wage in 2018EstablishmentsJobsPercent
Distribution
Annual Average Wage
per Job
Rank
Total Covered Employment and Wages167,6273,051,879100.0 %$47,59036
Private162,0272,659,13087.1 %$47,86734
Agri., forestry, hunting1,89415,2930.5 %$40,10810
Mining3235,9430.2 %$70,46830
Construction15,176141,0284.6 %$58,40428
Manufacturing8,827541,83617.8 %$62,68021
Wholesale trade13,943120,7784.0 %$68,43430
Retail trade20,424321,19310.5 %$28,00142
Transportation, warehousing6,620153,4355.0 %$46,89842
Utilities52415,8540.5 %$93,01729
Information2,39835,7121.2 %$53,88542
Finance and Insurance10,08697,8733.2 %$72,33437
Real Estate, rental, leasing6,53635,8751.2 %$45,73133
Professional, technical services18,831119,9703.9 %$69,69640
Mgmt. of companies, enterprises1,29234,3391.1 %$99,95833
Administrative, waste services9,716189,2686.2 %$33,00446
Educational services3,232250,0408.2 %$42,18642
Health care, social assistance13,894439,28814.4 %$49,21432
Arts, entertainment, recreation2,31343,9201.4 %$33,68221
Accommodation and food services13,315269,0208.8 %$16,63247
Other services, exc. public admin.13,13988,2692.9 %$32,91245
Public administration2,804130,5954.3 %$48,10344

D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Note: Industries are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BEA Major Sectors
in 2018 (by place of work)
2018 Earnings ($000)Avg Earnings
per Job
Rank2018 JobsPercent
Distribution
in State
Percent
Distribution
in U.S.
Total by place of work$220,587,118$55,600283,967,404100.0 %100.0 %
Wage and Salary$155,661,247$48,303353,222,63181.2 %76.9 %
Proprietors$28,704,908$38,54215744,77318.8 %23.1 %
    Farm$1,204,704$24,4941749,1841.2 %0.9 %
    Nonfarm$27,500,204$39,53514695,58917.5 %22.2 %
Farm$1,745,322$27,3071563,9151.6 %1.3 %
Nonfarm$218,841,796$56,063293,903,48998.4 %98.7 %
Private$192,495,982$55,695233,456,26687.1 %86.5 %
Forestry, fishing, etc.$644,807$59,479210,8410.3 %0.5 %
21 Mining$630,992$55,4862611,3720.3 %0.7 %
22 Utilities$1,960,405$136,3953314,3730.4 %0.3 %
23 Construction$13,676,536$64,96830210,5135.3 %5.5 %
31-33 Manufacturing$45,236,374$80,98117558,60314.1 %6.7 %
42 Wholesale Trade$10,637,544$83,86729126,8383.2 %3.2 %
44-45 Retail Trade$12,807,023$32,62433392,5649.9 %9.6 %
48-49 Trans. and warehousing$10,119,796$50,45429200,5755.1 %4.7 %
51 Information$2,616,635$67,6063838,7041.0 %1.7 %
52 Finance and insurance$10,215,381$66,46031153,7083.9 %5.2 %
53 Real Estate and rental and leasing$9,206,013$61,7502149,0863.8 %4.7 %
54 Professional, technical services$13,183,015$71,47430184,4464.6 %7.1 %
55 Management of companies, enterprises$4,214,579$110,6132638,1021.0 %1.3 %
56 Administrative and waste services$8,920,730$37,07138240,6376.1 %6.2 %
61 Educational services$3,143,874$35,5332788,4772.2 %2.4 %
62 Health care, social assistance$28,310,253$62,81912450,66111.4 %11.3 %
71 Arts, entertainment, and recreation$2,037,011$26,6142576,5381.9 %2.3 %
72 Accommodation and food services$6,458,302$22,73344284,0957.2 %7.5 %
81 Other services, exc. public admin.$8,476,712$37,48630226,1335.7 %5.6 %
NA Gov. and gov. enterprises$26,345,814$58,91049447,22311.3 %12.2 %

D = Not shown to avoid disclosure of confidential information, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals.
N/A = Not available or not applicable
Note: Major sectors are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)