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Labor Force Estimates (Seasonally Adjusted)August
2017
Rank2016
Ann. Avg.
Rank2011
Ann. Avg.
Rank
Total Labor Force3,337,144153,326,893153,181,99115
Employed3,220,434153,179,806152,891,94515
Unemployed116,71018147,08716290,04613
Unemployment Rate3.5384.4319.118

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Labor Force Characteristics in 2016
Based on Noninstitutional Population, Age 16 and Over
Total
(000)
RankPercent
Distribution
Rank% of Pop.
in Category
Rank
Total Labor Force3,34815100.0 % 64.9 %19
Men
Women
1,764
1,584
15
15
52.7 %
47.3 %
28
23
70.5 %
59.6 %
22
19
Employment3,19915100.0 % 62.0 %18
Men
Women
1,687
1,512
15
15
52.7 %
47.3 %
26
25
67.5 %
56.9 %
20
21
Unemployment15015100.0 % 2.9 %24
Men
Women
77
73
15
15
51.3 %
48.7 %
42
9
3.1 %
2.7 %
34
21
Unemployment Rate4.530
Men
Women
4.4
4.6
33
26

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Occupational Employment and Wages in 2016
(SOC classification system)
NumberRankPercent
Distribution
RankMedian
Annual Wage
Rank
All Occupations2,991,26015100.0% 33,79037
Management Occupations142,820194.8 %2579,34043
Business and Financial Operations Occupations118,250214.0 %3956,72043
Computer and Mathematical Occupations56,060211.9 %3568,13037
Architecture and Engineering Occupations47,280201.6 %2766,96044
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations19,570210.7 %2852,46042
Community and Social Services Occupations35,300221.2 %4037,95040
Legal Occupations14,740210.5 %3761,00037
Education, Training, and Library Occupations160,400195.4 %4441,68044
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations30,840201.0 %3834,44044
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations185,940156.2 %2056,23039
Healthcare Support Occupations77,870162.6 %3626,20037
Protective Service Occupations59,110192.0 %3435,31036
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations282,680159.5 %1619,07039
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations88,590143.0 %3323,59033
Personal Care and Service Occupations78,090212.6 %4220,58040
Sales and Related Occupations288,350179.6 %4324,36043
Office and Administrative Support Occupations416,8701813.9 %4831,63035
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations3,720280.1 %3526,32036
Construction and Extraction Occupations112,860183.8 %2944,66024
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations133,920134.5 %1141,40035
Production Occupations379,380712.7 %133,31029
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations258,650138.6 %530,56030

May '2016' Estimates
N/A = Not available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

UnionsNumberRank% of
All Workers
Rank
Members of Unions
2016304,0001410.4%24
2015283,0001410.0%25
2014299,0001510.7%24
2013249,000159.3%28
2012246,000159.1%28
2011302,0001511.3%22
2010279,0001510.9%25
2009277,0001510.6%27
2008349,0001412.4%21
2007333,0001512.0%21
2006334,0001512.0%21
2005346,0001412.4%20
% Chg. 2016 to 2005-12.1 %35
Represented by Unions
2016335,0001411.4%24
2015319,0001411.3%26
2014335,0001412.0%25
2013275,0001510.3%30
2012269,0001510.0%30
2011333,0001512.4%26
2010313,0001512.2%25
2009319,0001512.2%27
2008386,0001413.7%24
2007359,0001512.9%24
2006362,0001513.0%23
2005368,0001513.2%22
% Chg. 2016 to 2005-9.0 %31

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

CES Not Seasonally Adjusted Employment in August 2017
NAICS based data by place of work
EmploymentPercent
Distribution
Rank% Change
August 2016
Rank
00Total Nonfarm3,134,200100.0 % 1.5 %26
05Total Private2,706,20086.3 %141.3 %31
06Goods Producing682,30021.8 %11.9 %27
07Service-Providing2,451,90078.2 %511.4 %23
08Private Service Providing2,023,90064.6 %451.0 %34
10Natural Resources and Mining6,4000.2 %241.6 %22
15Natural Resources, Mining, & Construction150,8004.8 %314.4 %20
20Construction144,4004.6 %264.5 %20
30Manufacturing531,50017.0 %11.2 %21
40Trade, Transportation, and Utilities595,30019.0 %23-0.1 %29
50Information30,7001.0 %47-5.8 %42
55Financial Activities139,9004.5 %423.3 %11
60Professional and Business Services345,30011.0 %401.9 %28
65Educational and Health Services465,30014.8 %282.3 %22
70Leisure and Hospitality316,30010.1 %43-0.7 %45
80Other Services131,1004.2 %93.2 %19
90Government428,00013.7 %383.4 %2

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Employment Survey (CES)

Annual Covered Employment and Wages over Time (NAICS)EstablishmentsJobsAverage Wage
per Job (*adj)
Rank% of U.S.
Avg Wage
2016162,2162,987,091$44,5903883.2 %
2015159,3032,941,991$44,4573982.9 %
2014158,3332,890,758$43,1413982.8 %
2013159,3202,849,311$42,9213883.6 %
2012160,0582,812,347$43,1103783.7 %
2011159,6912,755,826$42,9443783.8 %
2010158,2152,709,831$43,2083784.0 %
2009159,9732,705,331$42,8133784.0 %
2008160,9402,872,442$42,8093484.3 %
2007159,1982,905,725$43,4403384.4 %
2006156,0372,892,419$43,5173385.9 %
10-Year Change6,17994,672-$1,073
10-Year Percent Change4.0 %3.3 %2.5 %

*Adj = Adjusted for Inflation; D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Annual Industry Distribution of Jobs and Avg. Wage in 2016EstablishmentsJobsPercent
Distribution
Annual Average Wage
per Job
Rank
Total Covered Employment and Wages162,2162,987,091100.0 %$44,59038
Private156,6072,595,56886.9 %$44,75035
Agri., forestry, hunting1,80915,1450.5 %$37,57313
Mining3325,9060.2 %$67,43929
Construction14,568131,6864.4 %$54,82729
Manufacturing8,404522,59617.5 %$59,18621
Wholesale trade13,865118,1474.0 %$64,10731
Retail trade20,302332,36611.1 %$26,56444
Transportation, warehousing6,417139,6974.7 %$44,39642
Utilities51715,5560.5 %$88,01128
Information2,22038,9511.3 %$51,33541
Finance and Insurance9,92096,8013.2 %$66,45637
Real Estate, rental, leasing6,02634,5271.2 %$42,23133
Professional, technical services18,007112,9383.8 %$65,40641
Mgmt. of companies, enterprises1,27434,5631.2 %$94,17333
Administrative, waste services9,254186,5896.2 %$30,22546
Educational services3,143250,1288.4 %$40,41242
Health care, social assistance13,297424,65714.2 %$46,63434
Arts, entertainment, recreation2,15542,3781.4 %$31,59524
Accommodation and food services12,968266,6528.9 %$15,36549
Other services, exc. public admin.13,13886,8702.9 %$30,98044
Public administration2,789128,3364.3 %$45,10045

D = Non-Disclosable Data; N/A = Not Available
Note: Industries are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

BEA Major Sectors
in 2016 (by place of work)
2016 Earnings ($000)Avg Earnings
per Job
Rank2016 JobsPercent
Distribution
in State
Percent
Distribution
in U.S.
Total by place of work$206,280,850$54,165273,808,403100.0 %100.0 %
Wage and Salary$144,466,029$46,526343,105,07481.5 %77.6 %
Proprietors$27,955,985$39,74810703,32918.5 %22.4 %
    Farm$1,636,095$32,2831450,6791.3 %1.0 %
    Nonfarm$26,319,890$40,32811652,65017.1 %21.4 %
Farm$2,073,026$33,9161361,1221.6 %1.4 %
Nonfarm$204,207,824$54,495283,747,28198.4 %98.6 %
Private$178,389,789$53,989233,304,16686.8 %85.9 %
Forestry, fishing, etc.$723,565$68,963110,4920.3 %0.5 %
21 Mining$578,315$43,4202613,3190.3 %0.8 %
22 Utilities$1,888,688$131,2143314,3940.4 %0.3 %
23 Construction$12,109,954$62,61332193,4095.1 %5.2 %
31-33 Manufacturing$42,250,382$79,08319534,25614.0 %6.9 %
42 Wholesale Trade$9,955,264$74,81431133,0673.5 %3.6 %
44-45 Retail Trade$12,643,861$31,89134396,47010.4 %10.1 %
48-49 Trans. and warehousing$8,636,354$55,27134156,2544.1 %3.5 %
51 Information$2,686,521$62,6514042,8811.1 %1.8 %
52 Finance and insurance$9,198,966$63,21931145,5103.8 %5.1 %
53 Real Estate and rental and leasing$8,683,483$62,0911139,8503.7 %4.6 %
54 Professional, technical services$11,686,565$68,60432170,3484.5 %7.0 %
55 Management of companies, enterprises$4,096,047$112,1072636,5371.0 %1.3 %
56 Administrative and waste services$8,112,945$34,22238237,0666.2 %6.3 %
61 Educational services$3,005,206$34,6652686,6942.3 %2.5 %
62 Health care, social assistance$25,927,791$61,39516422,31411.1 %11.2 %
71 Arts, entertainment, and recreation$2,192,298$30,9791370,7681.9 %2.3 %
72 Accommodation and food services$5,946,209$21,63446274,8567.2 %7.4 %
81 Other services, exc. public admin.$8,067,375$35,74730225,6815.9 %5.8 %
NA Gov. and gov. enterprises$25,818,035$58,26548443,11511.6 %12.7 %

D = Not shown to avoid disclosure of confidential information, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals.
N/A = Not available or not applicable
Note: Major sectors are NAICS-based.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)